Snehasikta Swarnakar

Dr. Snehasikta Swarnakar

Senior Principal Scientist
HOD, Cancer Biology & Inflammatory Disorder Division

PhD, FNASC,FASCT
Post Doc.,[1994 – 97] – University of California, Davis and Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole
Research Scientist (SUNY @ Stony Brook, 1997-01)
Visiting Scientist (TSRI, San Diego, 2002 and UConn, USA,2007),
National Bioscience Award (2007), Fulbright Fellow, Emory University (USA,2013)

+91-33-24995759
    1. Role of polymorphism in the promoter regions of MMPs along with the risk of gastric, ovarian and head & neck cancers.
    2. Understanding the biochemistry behind the mechanism of wound healing, gastric inflammation, gastric ulcers, cancers and effect of free as well as encapsulated lead bioactive molecules viz. curcumin, melatonin and antioxidants etc. on them in regard to angiogenesis, collagen synthesis, apoptosis and regulation of MMPs
    3. Elucidating the role of MMPs, growth factors, receptors and cell adhesion molecules in cancers, alcohol-induced liver damage, diabetes and endometriosis, Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), attenuating brain stroke and gastric ulcers induced by stress, alcohol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug and infection by Helicobacter pylori. Effect of potential mediators like cytokines, growth factors and transcription factors for H. pylori infection
    1. Nillu Ghosh, SRF (CSIR)
    2. Sayantan Jana, Project Fellow (CSIR)
    3. Dharmendra Kumar Yadav, SRF (CSIR)
    4. Anirban Roy, Project Fellow (CSIR)
    5. Sugreev Verma, SRF (UGC)
    6. Kasturi Chatterjee, Project Fellow (CSIR)
    7. Nilanjana Deb , SRF (DRDO Project)
    8. Prithwish Barik, Project Fellow (CSIR)
    9. Anuradha Pandit, JRF ( CSIR)
    10. Preety Choudhury, Project Assistant (DRDO Project)
    11. Dr. Rajib Majumder RA(CSIR)
    1. Swarnakar, S**., Chowdhury, P. S. and Sarkar, M (1991) Bi Biophys. Res. Commun.178, 85-94. N-glycolylneuraminic acid specific lectin from Pila globosa snail.
    2. Rao, C. M., Jilani, A., Swarnakar, S., Deb, T. B. and Datta, K (1996) Biochem. 236, 171-173. A method to radio-iodinate hyaluronic acid and its use as a probe to detect hyaluronic acid binding protein.
    3. Armstrong, P. B., Swarnakar, S., Srimal, S., Misquith, S., Elizabeth, H. A., Aimes, R. T. and Quigley, J. P (1996) Biol. Chem. 271, 14717-14721. A cytolytic function for a sialic-acid binding lectin that is a member of the pentraxin family of proteins.
    4. Armstrong, P. B., Melchior, R., Swarnakar, S. and Quigley, J. P (1998) Immunol. 35, 47-53. α2– macroglobulin does not function as a C3 homologue in the plasma hemolytic system of the american horseshoe crab, Limulus
    5. Swarnakar, S., Reyland, M. E., Deng, J., Azhar, S. and Williams, D. L. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 12140-12147. Selective uptake of low density lipoprotein-cholesteryl ester is enhanced by the inducible apolipoprotein E expression in cultured mouse adrenal cells.
    6. Swarnakar, S., Temel, R. E., Connelly, M. A., Azhar, S. and Williams, W. L. (1999) Biol. Chem. 274, 29733-39. Scavenger receptor, class B, Type I mediates selective uptake of low density lipoprotein cholesteryl ester.
    7. Swarnakar, S., Rengasamy, A., Quigley, J. P. and Armstrong, P. B (2000) J. 347, 679-685. Binding of 2-macroglobulin and limulin: regulation of the plasma hemolytic system of the american horseshoe crab, Limulus polyphemus
    8. Yancey, P. G., de la Llera-Moya. M, Swarnakar, S., Monzo, P., Klein, S. M., Connelly, M. A., Johnson, W.H., Williams, W. L. and Rothblat, G. H. (2000) Biol. Chem.275, 36596-36604. High density lipoproten phospholipid composition is a major determinant of the bi-directional flux and net movement of cellular free cholesterol mediated by scavenger receptor-BI (SR-BI).
    9. Swarnakar, S., Beers, J., Strickland, D. K., Azhar, S. and Williams, D. L. (2001) Biol. Chem.276, 21121-21128. The ApoE-dependent low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesteryl ester selective uptake pathway in murine adrenocortical cells involves chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans and an α2-macroglobulin receptor.
    10. Swarnakar, S**., Ganguly, K., Kundu, P., Banerjee, A., Maity, P. and Sharma, A.V. (2005) Biol. Chem.280, 9409-15. Curcumin regulates expression and activity of matrix metalloproteinases -9 and -2 during prevention and healing of indomethacin- induced gastric ulcer.
    11. Ganguly,, Maity, P., Reiter R.J. and Swarnakar, S**. (2005) J. Pineal. Research 39, 307-315. Effect of melatonin on secreted and induced matrix metalloproteinase-9 and -2 activity during prevention of indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer.
    12. Ganguly, K., Kundu, P., Banerjee, A., Reiter, R.J. and Swarnakar, S**. (2006) Free Rad. Biol. Med. 41, 911-925. Hydrogen peroxide-mediated downregulation of matrix metalloprotease-2 in indomethacin-induced acute gastric ulceration is blocked by melatonin and other antioxidants.
    13. Kundu, P., Mukhopadhyay, K A., Patra, J., Banerjee, A., Berg, D.E. and Swarnakar, S**. (2006) Biol. Chem. 281, 34651-34662. Cag pathogenicity island-independent up-regulation of matrix metalloperoteinases-9 and –2 secretion and expression in mice by Helicobacter pylori infection.
    14. Swarnakar, S**., Mishra, A., Ganguly, K. and Sharma, A. V. (2007) Pineal Res, 43, 56-64. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 activity and expression is reduced by melatonin during prevention of ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in mice.
    15. Singh, L. P., Kundu, P., Ganguly, K., Mishra, A and Swarnakar, S**. (2007) Free Rad. Biol. Med. 43, 289-299. A novel role of famotidine in downregulation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 during protection of ethanol-induced acute gastric ulcer.
    16. Paul, , Sharma, A.V., DasMahapatra, P., Bhattacharya, P., Reiter, R. J. and Swarnakar, S**. (2008) J. Pineal Res. 44:439-49. Role of melatonin in regulating matrix metalloproteinase-9 via tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 during protection against endometriosis.
    17. De R, Kundu P, Swarnakar S, Ramamurthy T, Chowdhury A, Nair GB, Mukhopadhyay AK. (2009) Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 53(4):1592-1597. Antimicrobial activity of curcumin against Indian Helicobacter pylori and also during mice infection.
    18. Swarnakar, S** and Paul, S. (2009) J Biochem and Biophy,46, 59-65.Curcumin arrests endometriosis by downregulation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 activity.
    19. Ganguly, K and Swarnakar, S.** (2009) Pineal Res, 47, 43-55. Induction of MMP-9 and-3 in nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug induced acute gastric ulcer in mice: Regulation by melatonin.
    20. Ganguly,, Sharma, A.V., Reiter R.J. and Swarnakar, S**. (2010) J. Pineal. Res. 49, 130-140. Melatonin promotes angiogenesis during protection and healing of indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer: Role of matrix metaloproteinase-2.  
    21. Paul, S., Bhattacharya, P., Das Mahapatra, P. and Swarnakar, S**. (2010) Pineal Res. 49, 156-168. Melatonin protects against endometriosis via regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-3 and an apoptotic pathway.
    22. Swarnakar, S** and Paul, S (2010). Proc Cell Cytol Gen, Vol 14 (45-54). Arsenic toxicity in embryo implantation: matrix metalloproteinases as key regulator.
    23. Kundu, P., De R., Pal, I, Saha, D., Mukhopadhyay, K A., and Swarnakar, S**. (2011) Plos One V6(1):e16306. Curcumin alleviates Matrix metalloproteinase-3 and -9 activities during eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection in cultured cells and mice.
    24. Mishra, A., Paul, S. and Swarnakar, S**. (2011) Biochimie, Vol 93 (854-66). Downregulation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 by melatonin during prevention of alcohol-induced liver injury in mice.
    25. Singh, L. P., Sharma, A. V and Swarnakar, S**. (2011) Pineal Res. Vol 51 (61-74) Upregulation of Collagenase -1 and -3 in indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer in diabetic rat: role of melatonin.
    26. Dey S, Stalin S, Gupta A, Saha D, Kesh K,Swarnakar S**. (2011) Mol Carcinog. 51 Suppl 1:E42-53.Matrix metalloproteinase-3 gene polymorphisms and their haplotypes are associated with gastric cancer risk in eastern Indian population.
    27. Singh LP, Mishra A, Saha D,Swarnakar S**. (2011) World J Gastroenterol. Jul 28;17(28):3310-21. Doxycycline blocks gastric ulcer by regulating matrix metalloproteinase -2 activity and oxidative stress.
    28. Mishra A, Bhattacharya P, Paul S, Paul R,Swarnakar S**. (2011) Lung India. 28:174-9. An alternative therapy for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis by doxycycline through matrix metalloproteinase inhibition.
    29. Sharma, A V., Ganguly, K., Paul, S., Maulik, N. and Swarnakar, S**. (2012) Anti Redox Signal 16(4):351-62. Curcumin heals indomethacin-induced gastric ulceration by stimulation of angiogenesis and restitution of collagen fibres via VEGF and MMP-2 mediated signaling.
    30. Chakrobarty, S., Stalin, S., Das, N., Thakur Choudhury, S., Ghosh, S. and Swarnakar, S*. (2012) Biomaterials, 33(10): 2991-3001. The use of nano-quercetin to arrest mitochondrial damage and MMP-9 upregulation during prevention of gastric inflammation induced by ethanol in rat.
    31. Jana, S., Paul S. and Swarnakar, S** (2012) Biochem Pharmacol. 83(6):797-804. Curcumin as anti-endometriotic agent: Implication of MMP-3 and intrinsic apoptotic pathway.
    32. Roychoudhury, S., Modak, A.,Bhaumik, A and Swarnakar, S** (2012) Int J Phar Appl 2,237-252. Phloroglucinol derivatives as potential anti-ulcer compound that inhibits matrix metalloproteinase-9.
    33. Ganguly K,Swarnakar S**. (2012) Biochimie. 94(12):2687-98. Chronic gastric ulceration causes matrix metalloproteinases-9 and -3 augmentation: alleviation by melatonin.
    34. Rudra DS, Pal U, Maiti NC, Reiter RJ,Swarnakar S**. (2013) J Pineal Res. 54,398-405 . Melatonin inhibits matrix metalloproteinase-9 activity by binding to its active site.
    35. Jana S,Rudra DS, Paul S and Swarnakar S**. (2012) Indian J Biochem Biophys. 49(5):342-8.Curcumin delays endometriosis development by inhibiting MMP-2 activity.
    36. Oladipo, I. C; Sanni, A; Swarnakar, S (2013) Food Biotech.27(1) 39-53. Phenotypic and Genomic Characterization of Enterococcus Species from Some Nigerian Fermented Foods.
    37. Roy Goswami M, Banerjee P, Swarnakar S and Mukhopadhyay A. (2013). J Res. Environ Sci and Tech. 3(2):51-57.Carbaryl mediated biochemical alterations in Eggplant.
    38. Dey S, Ghosh N, Saha D, Kesh K, Gupta A and Swarnakar S**. (2014) PloS One. 5;9(2):e88040Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 (MMP1) Transcriptional Polymorphisms are Well Linked with Lower Stomach Tumor Formation in Eastern Indian Population.
    39. Oladipo I. C., Sanni A. I. and Swarnakar S. (2014) BioSci. Biotech. 2014, 3(2):97-104 Virulence potential of Enterococcus gallinarumstrains isolated from selected Nigerian traditional fermented foods.
    40. Mandal AK, Ghosh D, Sarkar S, Ghosh A, Swarnakar S, Das N. (2014). Nanomedicine. 9(15):2323-37. Nanocapsulated quercetin downregulates rat hepatic MMP-13 and controls diethylnitrosamine-induced carcinoma. 
    41. Bhattacharya P, Ghosh S, Swarnakar Sand Mukhopadhyay A. (2014). Desalination and Water Treatment. DOI: 10.1080/19443994.2014.887035. Reuse of textile effluent for dyeing using combined technology of ceramic microfiltration and surface treated sugarcane bagasse: toxicity evaluation using Channa punctatus as model. 
    42. Das A, Sarkar S, Banerjee K, Nandy A, Talapatra SN, and Swarnakar S. (2014) Lett. Nat. Sci. 22: 19-31.Study of occurrence of Asian open bill stork, Anastomus oscitans on specific tree species at Nature Park, Kolkata, India.
    43. Banerjee P, Sarkar S., Dey TK, Bakshi M.,Swarnakar S, Mukhopadhayay A. and Ghosh S. (2014) 23(6):1073-85. Application of isolated bacterial consortium in UMBR for detoxification of textile effluent: comparative analysis of resultant oxidative stress and genotoxicity in catfish (Heteropneustes fossilis) exposed to raw and treated effluents
    44. Talapatra S. N., Nandy A., Banerjee K., Sanyal P. and Swarnakar S**. (2014) J. Adv. Res. 2, 907-916. Novel occurrence and relative abundance of fiddler crabs Uca lacteal, Uca rosea and Uca anulipes at east cost of India.
    45. Oladipo IC, Sanni, AI, Charraborty, W, Chakraborty, S, Jana, S, Rudra, Ds, Gacchui, R and Swarnakar S. (2014) 63, 415-422. Polish J of Microbiol. Bioprotective potential of bacteriocinogenic Enterococcus gallinium strains isolated from Nigerian fermented foods and of their bacteriocins.
    46. Oladipo IC, Sanni, AI, Charraborty, W, Chakraborty, S, Jana, S, Rudra, DS, Gacchui, R and Swarnakar S. (2014) Malaysian J of Micro [in press]. Technological properties of Enterococcus gallinium strains isolated from selected Nigerian traditional fermented foods.
    47. Bhattacharya P., Ghosh S., Swarnakar, S and Mukhopadhyay A. (2015) CLEAN, soil and water 42, 1-12. Tannery effluent treatment by microfiltration through ceramic membrane for water reuse: Assessment of environmental impacts
    48. Ghosh S, Chatterjee S, Roy A, Ray K,Swarnakar S, Fujita D, Bandyopadhyay A.(2015) Curr Top Med Chem. 15, 534-541. Resonant oscillation language of a futuristic nano-machine-module: eliminating cancer cells & Alzheimer A plaques.
    49. Kesh, K, Ghosh, N, Gupta A, Mahapatra, N and Swarnakar, S**. (2015) J Biol Chem 290, 14391-406. Association of MMP7-181A/G promoter polymorphism with gastric cancer risk: Influence of nicotine in differential allele specific transcription via increased phosphorylation of CREB. (IF= 4.6)
    50. Overgaard C, Schlingmann B, Claude S, White D, Ward C, Fan X, Swarnakar S, Brown LA, Guidot D and Koval M (2015) Am J of Physiol – Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology. 308, L1212-23. The relative balance of GM-CSF and TGFβ1 regulates lung epithelial barrier function,
    51. Jana A, Bhttacharya P, Swarnakar S and Ghosh S (2015) Chemosphere 138,682-90. Bio-oxidation potential of green algae Anabaena sp. for arsenic (III) to arsenic (V) conversion: Response surface methodology as optimization tool.
    52. Talapatra SN, Misra D, Banerjee K, Banerjee P and Swarnakar S (2015). J. Adv. Res. 3, 225-240. QSAR modeling for acute toxicity prediction of fluoroquinolone antibiotics by using software.
    53. Das K, Gupta K, Swarnakar S and Talapatra SN. (2015) Lett. Nat. Sci. 47, 24-31. Biomonitoring tool: Morphological anomalies in Zygnema sp. of Ganga river bank.
    54. Bhattacharya P, Swarnakar S, Mukhopadhyay A, Ghosh S (2016). Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 126, 45-55. Exposure of composite tannery effluent in snail, Pila globosa: A comparative assessment of impacts of the untreated and membrane process treated effluents.
    55. Banerjee P, Dey TK, Sarkar S,Swarnakar S, Mukhopadhyay A, Ghosh S (2016). Chemosphere, 146: 133-144. Treatment of cosmetic effluent in different configurations of ceramic UF membrane based bioreactor: Toxicity evaluation of the untreated and treated wastewater using catfish (Heteropneustes fossilis). (IF=3.3)
    56. Talapatra SN, Mitra P and Swarnakar S. (2016) DOI 10.18052/www.scipress.com/ILNS.54.27. Morpholohgy and phenotype of peripheral erythrocytes of fish. A rapid test of images by using software.
    57. Talapatra, S.N., Talukdar, P, Pal, U., Maiti, N.C. and Swarnakar, S**. (2016). World J of Pharmaceutical Res. 5(8): 1354-1369. Interaction of T-state haemoglobin and phytochemicals of Hygrophila spinosa Anders: An approach by Molecular docking.
    58. Talukdar P, Das, K., Dhar, S,. Talapatra, S.N., and Swarnakar, S**. (2016). World scientific news. 52, 181-194 Galls on Alstonia scholaris leaves as air pollution indicator.
    59. Sarkar, S. Mukherjee, A, Swarnakar S and Das, N (2016) Curr Alzheimer Res. Jun 24 PMID:27357647. Nanocapsulated Ascorbic Acid in Combating Cerebral Ischemia Reperfusion-Induced Oxidative Injury in Rat Brain.
    60. Jana, S. Ray AK, Chatterjee, K, Mahapatra, PD and Swarnakar, S** (2016) Med J Obst Gynecol. 4(5): 1085. Achillies heel’ for endometriosis: pathway to malignancy?
    61. Jana, S. Chatterjee, K, Ray AK, Mahapatra, PD and Swarnakar, S** (2016) PLOS One 11(10):e0163540.. Regulation of matrix metalloproteinase 2 activity by COX-2/ PGE2/ pAKT axis promotes angiogenesis in endometriosis.
    62. Ray AK, Talapatra SN, Mahapatra PD and Swarnakar S (2016). India 2016 Population human development (in press). Women with Endometriosis are more likely to suffer from delay in the diagnosis and fertility: A Population-Based Study in Kolkata and rest of West Bengal.
    63. Talapatra, SN, Talukdar, P and Swarnakar, S**. (2017) Interaction between C-reactive protein and photochemicals(s) from Calotropis procera: An approach on molecular docking. International Letters of Natural Sciences, 61: 43-55.
    64. Sarkar S, Mukherjee A, Das N, Swarnakar, S** (2017) Protective roles of nanomelatonin in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion of aged brain: Matrixmetalloproteinases as regulators. Exp Gerontol. 92: 13-22.
    65. Ghosh N, Ghosh P, Kesh K, Mukhopadhyay AK, Swarnakar, S**. (2017) Attenuation of Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric inflammation by prior cag- strain (AM1) infection in C57BL/6 mice. Gut Pathog. 9: 14.
    66. Yadav DK, Bharitkar YP, Hazra A, Pal U, Verma S, Jana S, Singh UP, Maiti NC, Mondal NB, Swarnakar, S**. (2017) Tamarixetin 3-O-β-d-Glucopyranoside from Azadirachta indica Leaves: Gastroprotective Role through Inhibition of Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 Activity in Mice. J Nat Prod. 80: 1347-1353.
    67. Yadav, DK., Talapatra, SN., Gupta, K. and Swarnakar, S**. (2017) Alteration of morphology and constituents of Azadirachta indica leaf due to air pollution and exploiting the phenomenon for medicinal usage on gastric ulcer through molecular docking. Int. J. Pharma. Sci. Rev. Res., 44: 103-111.
    68. Bardhan ,M., Majumdar, A., Jana, S., Ghosh, T., Pal, U. and Swarnakar, S and Senapati, D. (2017) Mesoporous silica for drug delivery: Interactions with model fluorescent lipid vesicles and live cells. J Photochem Photobiol B. 178: 19-26.
    69. Chatterjee, K, Jana, S, Dasmahapatra, P and Swarnakar, S**. Matrix metalloproteinase-7 promotes epithelial to meschenchymal transition through EGFR-ERK1-AP1 axis during progression of endometriosis. FASEB J (communicated).
    70. Pramanik, S.K., Pal, U., Choudhary, P., Chatterjee, K., Singha, H., Reiter, R.J., Swarnakar, S and Das, A. pH-responsive polymeric nanocapsuled melatonin as preventive agent against gastric inflammation Nanomedicine (Communicated).
    1. Williams, D. L., Connelly, M. A., Temel, R. E., Swarnakar, S., Phillips, M. C., de la Llera-Moya     M and Rothblat, G. H. (1999) Curr. Opin. Lipidol. 10, 329-339. Scavenger receptor   BI and cholesterol   trafficking.
    2. Vidavalur, R., Swarnakar, S. Thirunavukkarasu, M., Samuel, S M and Maulik, N. (2008) Drug Dis Tech, 5(4), 269-78. In vivo and in vitro approaches to study mechanisms of cardioprotection targeting Ischemia/Reperfusion (I/R) injury: useful technique for cardiovascular drug discovery.
    3. Swarnakar S**, Paul S, Singh PK and Reiter RJ (2011) Pineal Res. Vol 50 ( 8-20) Matrix metalloproteinases in health and disease: regulation by melatonin.
    4. Banerjee P, Jana S, Chakroborty, S and Swarnakar S**. (2013) Ind J Biochem Biophys. 50:377-86.. Role of matrix metalloproteinases in alcohol induced liver diseases and effect of antioxidants.
    5. Verma S, Kesh K, Ganguly N, Jana S and Swarnakar S**. 2014.  World J Biol Chem 5:355-76. Matrix metalloproteinases and gastrointestinal cancers: impacts of antioxidants.
    6. Mukherjee A* and Swarnakar S*. (2014). Mol Biol Rep. 42, 1-11. Implication of matrix metalloproteinases in regulating neuronal disorder.
    7. Datta D,. Talapatra S.N*. and Swarnakar, S** (2015) Lett. Nat Sci 7, 42-61. Bioactive compounds from marine invertebrates for potential medicines-An overview.
    8. Verma S, Kesh K, Bhattacharyya S and Swarnakar S**. (2015) Asian Pacific J of Can Prev. 16, 7393-7400.An overview of matrix metalloproteinase-9 polymorphism and gastric cancer risk.
    9. Datta D, Talapatra SN, and Swarnakar S**. (2016) World scientific news 46, 77-87. An overview of lectins from fresh water and marine microinvertebrate.
    10. Yadav DK, Bharitkar YP, Chatterjee K, Ghosh M, Mondal NB and Swarnakar S** (2016) Ind J Exp Biol. 54, 708-718. Importance of Neem Leaf for Common and Commercial Use: An Insight into its Role in Combating Diseases.
    11. Swarnakar S** and Jana S (2016). Matrix metalloproteinases as key bio-regulators. Encyclopedia of signaling molecules, 2nd Edition.
    1. Swarnakar, S**. Chapter: Gastric ulceration in animals: A technique for studying biomarkers; Book: Biotechnology Applications, Editor, Dr Pascale Champagne & Prof. S. K. Mishra. (2009).
    1. Swarnakar, S**, Roychoudhury, S. and Mishra, A. Chapter: The gelatinases and their inhibitors: The structure–activity relationship; Book: Advances in Studies on Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors edited by Satya P. Gupta, Published by Springer-Verlag, (2011).
    1. Swarnakar, S.* and Dhar, TK. [reviewed the book] Assay Development: Fundamentals and Practices by Ge Wu Published by John Wiley & Sons Inc., Hoboken. (2011).
    1. Swarnakar S**., Ganguly, K and Paul, S. Chapter: Regulating functions of angiogenesis in prevention and therapy of gastric ulcer. Book: Angiognesis: insight from a systemic overview, Edited by, Gaetano Santulli. Nova Science Publisher (2012).
    1. Chatterjee, S., Roy, A., Laskar, A. and Swarnakar, S**. Chapter: Electron Microscopy in the   Perspective of   Modern Biology: Ultravision and Ultradimension; Book: Microscopy book series Number 5, Formatex Publication (2012).
    1. Jana, S. and Swarnakar, S**. Chapter: Curcumin and cardiovascular diseases; Book: Cardiovascular   Diseases: Nutritional and Therapeutic Interventions. SPi Global Publisher (2012).
    1. Banerjee, A, Mukhopadhyay, A., Paul, S., Bhattacharyya, A. and Swarnakar, S**. Chapter: Unveiling the intricacies of Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric inflammation: T helper cells and matrix metallloproteinases at a crossroad; Book: Current topics in gastritis, InTech Publication (2012).
    1. Sarkar, S., Chatterjee, S. and Swarnakar, S**. Chapter: Matrix Metalloproteinases in Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Brain: Antioxidants as Rescuer; Book: Proteases in Health and Disease. Springer pub (2013)
    1. Roychoudhury, S., Roy, A., Chatterjii, I., Ghosh, N., Roychowdhury, R and Swarnakar, S**. Chapter: Landscape of HPV in human cancers: prevention and therapeutic avenues; Book: Cancer causing Viruses and Their Inhibitors. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA (2014)
    1. Verma, S., Tripathy, S., Roy Choudhury, S. and Swarnakar S**. Chapter: Insight into matrix metalloprotease regulation in gastrointestinal cancer: Epigenetic influences; Book: Gastrointestinal Cancer: Detection Treatment and Therapy, Nova Science Publisher (2016).
    1. Swarnakar, S**., Roy, A., Ghosh, S., Mazumder, R. and Paul, S. Chapter: Gastric pathology and metalloproteinases. In the Book: Proteases in pathology and physiology. Springer pub (2017).
    2. Laskar, A., Jana., S, Mazumdar, A., Swarnakar, S**. Chapter- Pre-malignant and malignant lesions of the oral cavity: Tobacco as an etiological factor. e Book on Tobacco addiction: Effect on human health. Editor Nathan Baker. (2017).
    1. Aimes, R. T., Quigley, J. P., Swarnakar, S., Strickland, D. K. and Armstrong, P. B (1995) Biol. Bull. 189, 225-226. Preliminary investigations on the scavenger receptors of the amebocyte of the American horseshoe crab, Limulus polyphemus.
    2. Swarnakar, S., Melchior, R., Quigley, J.P and Armstrong, P. B (1995) Biol. Bull. 189, 226-227. Regulation of Plasma cytolytic pathway of Limulus polyphemus by α2– macroglobulin.
    3. Swarnakar, S., Quigley, J. P. and Armstrong, P. B (1996) Biol. Bull. 191, 298. The plasma-based cytolytic system of the american horseshoe crab, Limulus polyphemus: cooperative interaction of the sialic acid-binding lectin limulin and thiol ester-reacted α2– macroglobulin.
    4. Swarnakar, S., Quigley, J. P. and Armstrong, P. B. (1996) Biol. Bull. 191, 299-300. Potentiation of limulin-mediated cytolysis by thiol ester-reacted forms of Limulus α2-macroglobulin: identification of functionally important domains.
    5. Dadacay, A.V.M., Huerta, J. C., Theiner, C. J., Swarnakar, S. and Cohen, W. D. (1996). Biol.Bull, 191, 276-277. Reversible alteration of molluscan erythrocyte morphology by a natural hemolymph activity
    1. Swarnakar, S**. Chapter: Gastric ulceration in animals: A technique for studying biomarkers; Book: Biotechnology Applications, Editor, Dr Pascale Champagne & Prof. S. K. Mishra. (2009).
    1. Swarnakar, S**, Roychoudhury, S. and Mishra, A. Chapter: The gelatinases and their inhibitors: The structure–activity relationship; Book: Advances in Studies on Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors edited by Satya P. Gupta, Published by Springer-Verlag, (2011).
    1. Swarnakar, S.* and Dhar, TK. [reviewed the book] Assay Development: Fundamentals and Practices by Ge Wu Published by John Wiley & Sons Inc., Hoboken. (2011).
    1. Swarnakar S**., Ganguly, K and Paul, S. Chapter: Regulating functions of angiogenesis in prevention and therapy of gastric ulcer. Book: Angiognesis: insight from a systemic overview, Edited by, Gaetano Santulli. Nova Science Publisher (2012).
    1. Chatterjee, S., Roy, A., Laskar, A. and Swarnakar, S**. Chapter: Electron Microscopy in the   Perspective of   Modern Biology: Ultravision and Ultradimension; Book: Microscopy book series Number 5, Formatex Publication (2012).
    1. Jana, S. and Swarnakar, S**. Chapter: Curcumin and cardiovascular diseases; Book: Cardiovascular   Diseases: Nutritional and Therapeutic Interventions. SPi Global Publisher (2012).
    1. Banerjee, A, Mukhopadhyay, A., Paul, S., Bhattacharyya, A. and Swarnakar, S**. Chapter: Unveiling the intricacies of Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric inflammation: T helper cells and matrix metallloproteinases at a crossroad; Book: Current topics in gastritis, InTech Publication (2012).
    1. Sarkar, S., Chatterjee, S. and Swarnakar, S**. Chapter: Matrix Metalloproteinases in Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Brain: Antioxidants as Rescuer; Book: Proteases in Health and Disease. Springer pub (2013)
    1. Roychoudhury, S., Roy, A., Chatterjii, I., Ghosh, N., Roychowdhury, R and Swarnakar, S**. Chapter: Landscape of HPV in human cancers: prevention and therapeutic avenues; Book: Cancer causing Viruses and Their Inhibitors. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA (2014)
    1. Verma, S., Tripathy, S., Roy Choudhury, S. and Swarnakar S**. Chapter: Insight into matrix metalloprotease regulation in gastrointestinal cancer: Epigenetic influences; Book: Gastrointestinal Cancer: Detection Treatment and Therapy, Nova Science Publisher (2016).
    1. Swarnakar, S**., Roy, A., Ghosh, S., Mazumder, R. and Paul, S. Chapter: Gastric pathology and metalloproteinases. In the Book: Proteases in pathology and physiology. Springer pub (2017).
    2. Laskar, A., Jana., S, Mazumdar, A., Swarnakar, S**. Chapter- Pre-malignant and malignant lesions of the oral cavity: Tobacco as an etiological factor. e Book on Tobacco addiction: Effect on human health. Editor Nathan Baker. (2017).
    1. Swarnakar S**. (2003) An insight into the novel mechanism of gastric cancer. Sanjibani magazine, IICB
    2. Swarnakar S**. (2006) Understanding on endometriosis and polycystic ovary. Sanjibani magazine, IICB
    3. Swarnakar S**. (2007) Various function of neem. Bartaman magazine, kolkata.
    4. Swarnakar S**. (2011)Cancer: Origin, progression and prevention. CSIR-IICB Newsletter, Vol-7.
    5. Roy A and Swarnakar S**. (2012) Hepatocellular carcinoma from a Molecular Perspective. 4th East Zonal Surgical Oncology CME souvenir, Kolkata.
    6. Swarnakar S**. IANS news, 23-09-2012, Turmeric can soothe gastric inflammation and ulcer.
    7. Swarnakar S** and Mukhopadhyay A. (2012) Marine Biological Resources: A Global Perspective.   IGAReview, MaxMuller Magazine, Kolkata
    8. Ghosh N and Swarnakar S**. (2013) Molecular mechanism of hepatocellular carcinoma. Sanjibani magazine, IICB, Kolkata.
    1. Verma S and Swarnakar S**. (2014) Gastric cancer and association with matrix metalloproteases : Gene polymorphism. Sanjibani magazine, IICB
    2. Yadav DK, Verma S and Swarnakar S** . (2015) Neem in health and disease. Sanjibani magazine, IICB
  • Phenotypic and genomic characterization of Enterococcus species from traditional fermented vegetable condiments and West African soft cheese by Oladipo,I.C., Sanni, A.I., Swarnakar, S., Chakraborty,W.,Chakravorty,S. and Gachhui ,R.

    1) Enterococcus gallinarum strain W184 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence. JN020631; 05-JUL-‘11

    2) Enterococcus gallinarum strain W211 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence. JF915769; 24-MAY-‘11

    3) Enterococcus gallinarum strain T71 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence. JF774411; 24-MAY-‘11

    4) Enterococcus gallinarum strain C103 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence. JF774410; 24-MAY’11

    5) Enterococcus gallinarum strain U82 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence. JF774412; 24-MAY-‘11