Snehasikta Swarnakar , Ph.D., FNASC, FASCT

Chief Scientist & HOD, Head, Infectious Diseases & Immunology Division , Head, Publication & Information Division
Infectious Diseases and Immunology

Research Focus

Protease Biochemistry, Inflammation and Redox biology, Medicinal Biology, Gastric cancer and gastric inflammatory disorders.

Research Interest

  1. Role of promoter polymorphism in the matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) gene and association with the risk of gastric, ovarian and cancers.
  2. Understanding the biochemistry behind the mechanism of gastric inflammation, gastric ulcers, cancers and effect of encapsulated lead bioactive molecules viz. curcumin, melatonin and quercetin etc. on them in regard to angiogenesis, collagen synthesis, apoptosis and regulation of MMPs. 
  3. Elucidating the role of MMPs, growth factors, receptors and cell adhesion molecules in cancers, alcohol-induced liver damage, diabetes and endometriosis, Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Effect of potential mediators like cytokines, growth factors and transcription factors for H. pylori infection and gastric ulcer induced by stress and NSAIDs.


Head, Infectious Diseases & Immunology Division

Head, Publication & Information Division

Positions & Posts Held

 Position   Year  Institution
 Scientist-G  03-06-2021  — till date CSIR-IICB, Kolkata, India
 Scientist-F  03.06.2015 to 02-06-2021  CSIR-IICB, Kolkata, India
 Scientist-E-II     31-10-2010 to 02-06-2015  CSIR-IICB, Kolkata, India
 Scientist-E I   31-10-2006 to 31-10-2010                 CSIR-IICB, Kolkata, India
 Scientist-C                          31-10-2002 to 31-10-2006                 CSIR-IICB, Kolkata, India
 Visiting Scientist  01-06-2002 to 01-10-2002  TSRI, La Jolla, USA
 Post-doctoral Fellow  20-10-1994 to 10-01-1997  Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of California, Davis, USA
 Research Associate  01-07-1995 to 31-08-1995  Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA
 01-07-1996 to 31-08-1996
 Research Scientist  June 1999 to Apr 2001  State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York, USA
 Visiting Scientist  June 2022 to Oct 2002  The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, San Diego, USA
 Visiting Faculty  May 2007 to July 2007  University of Connecticut, Farmington, Connecticut, USA
 Fulbright Research Fellow  20.08.2013 to 28.04.2014  Emory University, USA
 Guest Scientist  15.06.2015 to 26.06.2015  NIMS, Tsukuba, Japan

Publication: 110; Total Citation: 3805; h-index: 35; Book Chapter: 19; Book Review: 01; Patents: 3 nos.; Gene Bank: 5; Invited lecture: 146; Ph.D. awarded: 15; Registered: 7; Post-doctoral scholar: 10; M.Sc./ MDS dissertation awarded: 36 


  1. Qualified Joint CSIR-UGC Exam, 1987
  2. Junior & Senior Research Fellowship from CSIR, India (1988-1993)
  3. Research Associateship in MBL, Woods Hole, USA, summer 1995 and 1996


Academic Qualifications               

 Degree  University    Year   Subject
 Ph. D  Jadavpur University  1988-93  Science [Studies on a sialic acid-binding lectin from albumin gland of apple snail Pila globosa] 
 M. Sc.   Calcutta University  1985-87   Bio-Chemistry, Special paper: Advance Microbiology
 Dip P. Ed  Calcutta University   1983-84  All the subjects in the course
 B. Sc. (H)  Calcutta University  1980-83    Chemistry (Hons.), Physics, Mathematics

Honours & Awards

A. Awards and Recognitions:

  1. Felicitation on Teacher’s Day by Lions Club of Calcutta North East, 2022 for Outstanding contribution in Biomedical Research.
  2. Prof. Sahail Ahmed Award by Indian Association of Biomedical Science, Lucknow, 2017 for Outstanding contribution in Biomedical Sciences.
  3. Bharat Gaurav Award by India International Friendship Society, New Delhi, 2017 for Meritorious services, outstanding performances and remarkable role in the society.
  4. Team (Ajo Chhand) member in Palo-Alto longevity award finalist, California, 2015 for Better life longevity using nested rhythm and role of proteases thereon.
  5. Biographical sketch in Who’s Who in the World 2009 to 2015 Edition, USA.
  6. Fulbright-Nehru Fellowship (Medicinal Biology) at Emory University, USA, from August’ 2013 to April’ 2014 to do research work on the role of alveolar epithelia matrix metalloproteases in acute lung injury.
  7. Prof. A.N. Bhaduri Memorial Lecture Award by Society of Biological Chemist, India, 2009 for Outstanding contribution in Biological Chemistry and Allied Sciences.
  8. Kshanika Oration Award by ICMR, Govt. of India, 2008 for Matrix metalloproreases in the causation of inflammation in gut and uterus.
  9. National Bioscience Award by the DBT, Govt. of India, 2007 for demonstration of upregulation of matrix metalloprotease 9 during inflammation.
  10. National Science Day Award by The Science Association of Bengal, Kolkata, 2006 for understanding the mechanism of action of curcumin in arresting gastric ulcers.

B. Membership and Fellowships of National & International Academies and Professional Societies:

  1. Member of American Association for Advancement of Science, USA, 1999 and since 2012 onwards till date.
  2. Elected Fellow of Indian National Academy of Science, 2012.
  3. Elected Fellow of West Bengal Academy of Science and Technology, West Bengal, India, 2010.
  4. Member of Guha Research Conference, India, 2010.
  5. Life member of SBC, SFRR, ISCB, BRSI and Indian Science Congress, India.

C. Professional Recognition:

  1. Examiner of M.Sc. Biochemistry, Calcutta, Burdwan and Kalyani University since 2005.
  2. Adjunct faculty of M.Sc. Environmental Science, Calcutta University and NIPER-Kolkata.
  3. Teaching advance level Ph.D. course of AcSIR at CSIR-IICB, Kolkata.
  4. Invited reviewer of J. Cell Physiol.; GUT; FRBM, USA; PloS ONE; Scan J. Gastro; J Biol. Chem.; Free Radical Biol. and Med. Ethnopharmacology; Food and Nutr Sci; European J of Pharmacol. and Supervisor of several research projects of CSIR, DBT and DST.
  5. Editorial member of Journal of Pharmaceutical Biomedical Science; Molecular Biology Reports.
  6. Ph.D. thesis examiner of IIT-Madras, Nizam Institute and Manipal University, Viswa Bharati University, Kalyani University, Bharti Darsan University, JNU, New Delhi, NIPER-Kolkata.
  7. Invited talk in IDARS/APSAAR at Sydney, Australia, 2015.
  8. Invited talk in National Institute of Material Science, Tsukuba, Japan, 2015.
  9. Invited talk at Gordon Research Conference on Pineal Cell Biology, Galveston, USA, 2014.
  10. Invited talk in SFRR-Europe at Istanbul in 2009 and Havana Redox at Havana, Cuba in 2011.
  11. Conferee in Gordon Research Conference on Pineal Cell Biology, Italy, Europe, 2008.

Grants & Supports

Name of the Project Remarks
ICMR (Principal Investigator) Ref No.5/4/3-6/03-NCD-II (2005-2008) 17 lac. Completed successfully
CSIR (Network project Member) 41/3/EFYP/IAP01/2007-RDPD (2007-12) 14 crore. Completed successfully
National Tea Research Board NTRF (2008-2011) 12 lac. Completed successfully
Career Development Grant DBT, India (2008-2011) 9 lac. Completed successfully
CSIR-network project (Nodal) CSIR, India INDEPTH BSC0111 (2012-17) 4 cr.
CSIR-network project (member) CSIR, India TREAT BSC0116, 10 crore & HUM BSC0119 (2012-17), 8 crore.
Life Sc. Research Board, DRDO LSRB-287/EPB/2014 (2014-2019) 35 lac.

Patents & Publications

Patents : 3 No.s

(i) Title: 3-Indolyl furanoids as inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase-9 for prevention of gastric ulcer and other inflammatory diseases. Authors: Parasuraman Jaisankar*, Snehasikta Swarnakar*, Sourav Chatterjee, Sugreev Verma, Madhumita Mandal and Susri Ray Chaudhuri. [*both authors contributed equally] Country name and no. United States Patent No. 2018/0230135 A1; Application no. 15/897,688; Publication Date: 08/16/2018; Filing Date: 02/15/2018.

(ii) Title: 3-Indolyl furanoids as inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase-9 for prevention of gastric ulcer and other inflammatory diseases. Authors: Parasuraman Jaisankar*, Snehasikta Swarnakar*, Sourav Chatterjee, Sugreev Verma, Madhumita Mandal and Susri Ray Chaudhuri. [*both authors contributed equally] Country name and No. United States Patent No. 10,590,116 B2; Application no. 15/897,688; Publication date: 03/17/2020; Filing date: 02/15/2018.

(iii) Title: Cationic metal nanoparticle conjugated nanoemulsion and process for the preparation thereof. Authors: Sujoy K. Das, Deepak Kumar, Snehasikta Swarnakar*, Somashree Bose and Yogita Dahat. Application no. 202111045225, India, 10/05/2021.


List of Publications:

  1. Das A, Roy S, Swarnakar S* & Chatterjee N. (2021). Understanding the immunological aspect of SARS-Cov2 causing COVID19 pandemic: A therapeutic approach. Clinical Immunology (Accepted)
  2. Gupta R, Darshana G, Tawsif AK, Dhritiman D, Rajveer S, Swarnakar S, Ravichandiran V, Roy S & Ghosh D. (2021) Modification of Cas9, gRNA and PAM: Key to further regulate genome editing and its applications. Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science. http:// 
  3. Ghosh P, Muthuraj TS, Bandyopadhyay P, Swarnakar S, Sarkar S & Varatharajan A (2021) Expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in gingival tissue biopsy in patients with slowly / moderately and rapidly progressing periodontitis: An observational study. J Indian Society of Periodont (In Press)
  4. Dolui S, Pariary R, Saha A, Ratha BN, Harikishore A, Saha S, Swarnakar S, Bhunia A &  Maiti NC (2021) Mechanistic Studies of the Stabilization of Insulin Helical Structure by Coomassie Brilliant Blue. bioRXiv doi:
  5. Das A, Basu S, Bandyopadhyay D, Dutta D, Chakrabarti S, Adak M, Swarnakar S, Chakrabarti P & Bhattacharyya SN. (2021) Inhibition of Extracellular Vesicle-Associated MMP2 Abrogates Intercellular Transfer of Hepatic miR-122 to Tissue Macrophages and Curtails Liver Inflammation. bioRXiv. doi:
  6. Bhattacharyaa P, Mukherjee D, Deb N, Swarnakar S & Banerjee S (2021) Indigenously developed CuO/TiO2 coated ceramic ultrafiltration membrane for removal of emerging contaminants like phthalates and parabens: Toxicity evaluation in PA-1 cell line. Materials Chemistry and Physics 258: 123920.
  7. Bhattacharya P, Chatterjee K , Swarnakar S, & Banerjee S (2020) Green Synthesis of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles via Algal Route and its Action on Cancerous Cells and Pathogenic Microbes. Advanced Nano Research DOI: 10.21467/anr.3.1.15-27.
  8. Bhattacharyaa P, Mukherjee, D, Deb N, Swarnakar S & Banerjee, S. (2020) Application of green synthesized ZnO nanoparticle coated ceramic ultrafiltration membrane for remediation of pharmaceutical components from synthetic water: Reusability assay of treated water on seed germination. J Env. Chem. Eng. 8(3): 103803.
  9. Bhattacharjee P, Chatterjee S, Achari A, Saha A, Nandi D, Acharya C, Chatterjee K, Ghosh S, Swarnakar S & Jaisankar P. (2020) A Bis-indole/carbazole based C5-curcuminoid fluorescent probe with large Stokes shift for selective detection of biothiols and application to live cell imaging. Analyst 45(4): 1184-1189.
  10. Subramanian L, Maghajothi S, Singh M, Kesh K, Kalyani A, Sharma S, Khullar M, Victor SM, Swarnakar S, Asthana S, Mullasari AS & Mahapatra NR. (2019) A Common Tag Nucleotide Variant in MMP7 Promoter Increases Risk for Hypertension via Enhanced Interactions With CREB (Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein) Transcription Factor. Hypertension 74(6): 1448-1459. 
  11. Pramanik SK, Pal U, Choudhary P, Singh H, Reiter RJ, Ethirajan A, Swarnakar S* & Das A (2019) Stimuli-Responsive Nanocapsules for the Spatiotemporal Release of Melatonin: Protection against Gastric Inflammation. ACS Appl. Bio Mater. 
  12. Bhattacharyaa P, Swarnakar S, Ghosh S, Majumdar S & Banerjee S. (2019) Disinfection of drinking water via algae mediated green synthesized copper oxide nanoparticles and its toxicity evaluation. J Env. Chem. Eng 7: 102867. 
  13. Raychaudhuri S, Ghosh S, Roy A & Swarnakar S* (2019) Protective Role of Black Tea Flavonoids Against Ethanol-Induced Gastropathy via Matrix Metalloproteinase Pathway. Ind J. of Clin. Biochem. 34(4): 379-394.
  14. Mukherjee A, Sarkar S, Jana S, Swarnakar S & Das N. (2019) Neuro-protective role of nanocapsulated curcumin against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion induced oxidative injury. Brain Res. 1074: 164-173. 
  15. Pandit A, Begum Y, Chatterjee K & Swarnakar S* (2018). Hormonal regulation of endometriosis and clinical significance Ind J Biochem Biophys 55(5): 351-360. 
  16. Banerjee P, Barman SR, Swarnakar S, Mukhopadhyay A & Das P (2018) Treatment of textile effluent using bacteria-immobilized graphene oxide nanocomposites: evaluation of effluent detoxification using Bellamya bengalensis. Clean Tech. and Env. Pol. 20(10): 2287–2298. 
  17. Chatterjee K, Jana S, Choudhary P & Swarnakar S*. (2018) Triumph and tumult of matrix metalloproteinases and their crosstalk with eicosanoids in cancer. Cancer Metastasis Rev.   37(2-3): 279-288. (IF 6.6)
  18. Ghosh S, Roy A, Singhania A, Chatterjee S, Swarnakar S*, Fujita D & Bandyopadhyay A. (2018) In-vivo & in-vitro toxicity test of molecularly engineered PCMS: A potential drug for wireless remote controlled treatment. Toxicol Rep. 5: 1044-1052. 
  19. Mukherjee D, Bhattacharya P, Jana A, Bhattacharya S, Sarkar S, Ghosh S, Majumdar S & Swarnakar S. (2018) Synthesis of ceramic ultrafiltration membrane and application in membrane bioreactor process for pesticide remediation from wastewater. Process Safety and Environ Protection 116: 22-33. 
  20. Roy Goswami M, Banerjee P, Swarnakar S & Mukhopadhyay  A. (2018) Studies on the effect of application of carbaryl insecticide on Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L). Int J of Eng Sc and Mathematics 7: 2320-0294. 
  21. Chatterjee K, Jana S, DasMahapatra P & Swarnakar S*. (2018) EGFR-mediated matrix metalloproteinase-7 up-regulation promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition via ERK1-AP1 axis during ovarian endometriosis progression. FASEB J. 32(8): 4560-4572. (IF=4.9)
  22. Bardhan M, Majumdar A, Jana S, Ghosh T, Pal U, Swarnakar S & Senapati D. (2018) Mesoporous silica for drug delivery: Interactions with model fluorescent lipid vesicles and live cells. J Photochem Photobiol B. 178: 19-26.  
  23. Yadav DK, Talapatra SN, Gupta K & Swarnakar S.* (2017) Alteration of morphology and constituents of Azadirachta indica leaf due to air pollution and exploiting the phenomenon for medicinal usage on gastric ulcer through molecular docking. Int. J. Pharma. Sci. Rev. Res. 44: 103-111. 
  24. Yadav DK, Bharitkar YP, Hazra A, Pal U, Verma S, Jana S, Singh UP, Maiti NC, Mondal NB & Swarnakar S.* (2017) Tamarixetin 3-O-β-d-Glucopyranoside from Azadirachta indica Leaves: Gastroprotective Role through Inhibition of Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 Activity in Mice. J Nat Prod. 80: 1347-1353.  (IF=4.23)
  25. Ghosh N, Ghosh P, Kesh K, Mukhopadhyay AK & Swarnakar S.* (2017) Attenuation of Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric inflammation by prior cag- strain (AM1) infection in C57BL/6 mice. Gut Pathog. 9: 14. 
  26. Sarkar S, Mukherjee A, Das N & Swarnakar S.* (2017) Protective roles of nanomelatonin in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion of aged brain: Matrix metalloproteinases as regulators. Exp Gerontol. 92: 13-22. (IF=3.22)
  27. Talapatra, SN, Talukdar, P & Swarnakar, S.* (2017) Interaction between C-reactive protein and photochemicals(s) from Calotropis procera: An approach on molecular docking. Int. Letters of Natural Sciences 61: 43-55.
  28. Jana S, Chatterjee K, Ray AK, DasMahapatra P & Swarnakar S. (2016) Regulation of Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 Activity by COX-2-PGE2-pAKT Axis Promotes Angiogenesis in Endometriosis. PLoS One 11: e0163540 (IF=2.77)
  29. Jana S, Ray AK, Chatterjee K, Mahapatra PD & Swarnakar S* (2016) ‘Achillies heel’ for endometriosis: pathway to malignancy? Med J Obst Gynecol. 4(5): 1085. 
  30. Sarkar S, Mukherjee A, Swarnakar S, Das N (2016) Nanocapsulated Ascorbic Acid in Combating Cerebral Ischemia Reperfusion-Induced Oxidative Injury in Rat Brain. Curr Alzheimer Res. 13: 1363-1373. (IF=3.5)
  31. Talukdar P, Das K, Dhar S, Talapatra SN & Swarnakar S.* (2016) Galls on Alstonia acholaris leaves as air pollution indicator. World scientific news 52: 181-194. 
  32. Talapatra SN, Talukdar P, Pal U, Maiti NC & Swarnakar S.* (2016) Interaction of T-state haemoglobin and phytochemicals of Hygrophila spinosa T. Anders: An approach by molecular docking. World J of Pharmaceutical Res. 5(8): 1354-1369. 
  33. Yadav DK, Bharitkar YP, Chatterjee K, Gh osh M, Mondal NB & Swarnakar S. *(2016) Importance of Neem Leaf for Common and Commercial Use: An Insight into the Role in Combating Diseases. Ind J of Exp Biol. 54: 708-718. 
  34. Talapatra SN, Mitra P & Swarnakar S. (2016) Morphology and phenotype of peripheral erythrocytes of fish. A rapid test of images by using software. Int. Lett. Nat. Sci. 54: 27-44. 
  35. Datta D, Talapatra SN & Swarnakar S.* (2016) An overview of lectins from fresh water and marine microinvertebrate. World scientific news 46: 77-87. 
  36. Banerjee P, Dey TK, Sarkar S, Swarnakar S, Mukhopadhyay A & Ghosh S. (2016) Treatment of cosmetic effluent in different configurations of ceramic UF membrane based bioreactor: Toxicity evaluation of the untreated and treated wastewater using catfish (Heteropneustes fossilis) Chemosphere  146: 133-144. (IF=4.42)
  37. Bhattacharya P, Swarnakar S, Mukhopadhyay A & Ghosh S. (2016) Exposure of composite tannery effluent in snail, Pila globosa: A comparative assessment of impacts of the untreated and membrane process treated effluents. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 126: 45-55.
  38. Verma S, Kesh K, Dey S, Bhattacharyya S. & Swarnakar S.* (2015) An Overview of Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 Polymorphism and Gastric Cancer Risk. Asian Pacific J Can Prev. 16: 7393-7400.
  39. Das D, Gupta K, Swarnakar S & Talapatra SN (2015) Biomonitoring tool: Morphological anomalies in Zygnema sp. of Ganga river bank. Int. Lett. Nat. Sci. 47: 24-31.  
  40. Jana A, Bhattacharya P, Swarnakar S, Majumdar S & Ghosh S. (2015) Anabaena sp. Mediated bio-oxidation of arsenite to arsenate in synthetic arsenic (III) solution: Process optimization by response surface methodology. Chemosphere 138: 682-690. (IF=4.42)
  41. Datta D, Talapatra SN & Swarnakar S.* (2015) Bioactive compounds from marine invertebrates for potential medicines – An overview. Int. Lett. Nat. Sci. 34: 42-61.
  42. Talapatra SN, Misra D, Banerjee K, Banerjee P & Swarnakar S. (2015) QSAR modeling for acute toxicity prediction of fluroquinolone antibiotics by using software. Int J of Adv Res. 3(6): 225-240.
  43. Overgaard CE, Schlingmann B, Dorsainvil White S, Ward C, Fan X, Swarnakar S, Brown LA, Guidot DM & Koval M. (2015) The relative balance of GM-CSF and TGF-β1 regulates lung epithelial barrier function. Am J Physiol. Lung Cellular and Mol Physiol. 308(12): L1212-23. 
  44. Ghosh S, Chatterjee S, Roy A, Ray K, Swarnakar S,* Fujita D, Bandyopadhyay A. (2015) Resonant oscillation language of a futuristic nano-machine-module: eliminating cancer cells & Alzheimer aβ plaques. Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry 15(6): 534-41. (IF=3.8)
  45. Kesh K, Subramanian L, Ghosh N, Gupta V, Gupta A, Bhattacharya S, Mahapatra NR, Swarnakar S* (2015) Association of MMP7 -181A→G Promoter Polymorphism with Gastric Cancer Risk: influence of nicotine in differential allele-specific transcription via increased phosphorylation of camp-response element-binding protein (CREB). J Biol Chem. 290(23): 14391-14406. (IF=4.2)
  46. Mukherjee A & Swarnakar S.* (2015) Implication of matrix metalloproteinases in regulating neuronal disorder. Molecular Biology Reports 42(1): 1-11. (IF=2.5)
  47. Oladipo IC, Sanni A, Chakraborty W, Chakravorty S, Jana S, Rudra DS, Gacchui R & Swarnakar S. (2014) Technological properties of strains of Enterococcus gallinarum isolated from selected Nigerian traditional fermented foods. Malayasian J Microbiol. 11(1):1-13
  48. Hutto T, Ollerenshaw J, Swarnakar S, Bock S, Ross R, Lillard J & Koval M. (2014) Nanotopographic cues increase epithelial paracellular permeability through cytoskeletal reorganization. The FASEB J. 28(1): 780.6. 
  49. Das A, Sarkar S, Banerjee K, Nandy A, Talapatra SN & Swarnakar S. (2014) A study on the occurrence of Asian open bill stork, Anastomus oscitans in particular tree species at Nature Park, Kolkata, India. Int. Lett. Nat. Sci. 22: 19-31.
  50. Talapatra SN, Nandy A, Banerjee K, Sanyal P & Swarnakar S*. (2014) Novel occurrence and relative abundance of fiddler crabs Uca lactea, Uca rosea and Uca anulipes at East coast of India. Int. J. Adv. Res. 2(10): 907-916. 
  51. Bhattacharya P, Ghosh S, Swarnakar S & Mukhopadhyay A. (2014) Tannery Effluent Treatment by Microfiltration through Ceramic Membrane for Water Reuse: Assessment of Environmental Impacts. CLEAN Soil Air Water 42(9999): 1-12. 
  52. Oladipo IC, Sanni AI, Chakraborty W, Chakravorty S, Jana S, Rudra DS, Gacchui R & Swarnakar S. (2014) Bioprotective potential of bacteriocinogenic Enterococcus gallinarum strains isolated from some Nigerian fermented foods, and of their bacteriocins. Polish J of Microbiol. 63(4): 415-422. 
  53. Oladipo IC, Sanni AI & Swarnakar S. (2014) Virulence potential of Enterococcus gallinarum strains isolated from selected Nigerian traditional fermented foods. J Biosci and Biotech. 3(2): 97-104. 
  54. Verma S, Kesh K, Ganguly N, Jana S & Swarnakar S.* (2014) Matrix metalloproteinases and gastrointestinal cancers: impacts of antioxidants. World J. Biol. Chem. 5(3): 355-76. (IF=3.1)
  55. Banerjee P, Sarkar S, Dey TK, Bakshi M, Swarnakar S, Mukhopadhyay A & Ghosh S. (2014) Application of isolated bacterial consortium in UMBR for detoxification of textile effluent: comparative analysis of resultant oxidative stress and genotoxicity in catfish (Heteropneustes fossilis) exposed to raw and treated effluents. Exotoxicology 23: 1073-1085. 
  56. Bhattacharya P, Ghosh S, Swarnakar S & Mukhopadhyay A. (2014) Reuse of textile effluent for dyeing using combined technology of ceramic microfiltration and surface treated sugarcane bagasse: toxicity evaluation using Channa punctatus as model. Desalination and Water Treatment . 54(3).DOI: 10.1080/19443994.2014.887035.  
  57. Mandal AK, Ghosh D, Sarkar S, Ghosh A, Swarnakar S & Das N. (2014) Nanocapsulated quercetin downregulates rat hepatic MMP-13 and controls diethylnitrosamine-inducedcarcinoma.  Nanomedicine 9(15): 2323-32.DOI: 10.2217/nnm.14.11. (IF=6.0)
  58. Dey S, Ghosh N, Saha D, Kesh K, Gupta A & Swarnakar S.* (2014) Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 (MMP1) Transcriptional Polymorphisms are Well Linked with Lower Stomach Tumor Formation in Eastern Indian Population. PLoS One 9(2): e88040. (IF=2.7)
  59. Roy Goswami M, Banerjee P, Swarnakar S & Mukhopadhyay A. (2013) Carbaryl mediated biochemical alterations in Eggplant.Int. J. Res. Env. Sci. and Techn. 3(2): 51-57. 
  60. Banerjee P, Jana S, Chakroborty, S & Swarnakar S.* (2013) Role of matrix metalloproteinases in alcohol Induced liver diseases and effect of antioxidants. Ind. J Biochem. Biophys. 50(5): 377-386. 
  61. Oladipo IC, Sanni A & Swarnakar S. (2013) Phenotypic and Genomic Characterization of Enterococcus Species from Some Nigerian Fermented Foods. Food Biotech.  27(1): 39- 53.   DOI: 10.1080/08905436.2012.755627. 
  62. Jana S, Rudra DS, Paul S & Swarnakar S*. (2012) Curcumin delays endometriosis development by inhibiting MMP-2 activity. Ind. J Biochem Biophys. 49(5): 342-8. 
  63. Rudra DS, Pal U, Maiti NC, Reiter RJ & Swarnakar S.* (2013) Melatonin inhibits matrix metalloproteinase-9 activity by binding to its active site. J Pineal Res. 54: 398-405.                       doi: 10.1111/jpi.12034. 
  64. Ganguly K & Swarnakar S. (2012) Chronic gastric ulceration causes matrix metalloproteinases-9 and -3 augmentation: alleviation by melatonin. Biochimie 94(12): 2687-98. (IF=3.2)
  65. Roychoudhury S, Modak A, Bhaumik A & Swarnakar S.* (2012) Phloroglucinol derivatives as potential anti-ulcer compound that inhibits matrix metalloproteinase-9. BioIT. Int J Phar Appl.  2: 237-252. 
  66. Jana S, Paul S & Swarnakar, S.* (2012) Curcumin as anti-endometriotic agent: Implication of MMP-3 and intrinsic apoptotic pathway. Biochem Pharmacol. 83(6): 797-804. (IF=4.88)
  67. Chakrobarty S, Stalin S, Das N, Thakur Choudhury S, Ghosh S & Swarnakar S.* (2012) The use of nano-quercetin to arrest mitochondrial damage and MMP-9 upregulation during prevention of gastric inflammation induced by ethanol in rat. Biomaterials 33(10): 2991-3001. (IF= 10.3)
  68. Sharma AV, Ganguly K, Paul S, Maulik N & Swarnakar S.* (2012) Curcumin heals indomethacin-induced gastric ulceration by stimulation of angiogenesis and restitution of collagen fibres via VEGF and MMP-2 mediated signaling. Anti Redox Signal 16(4): 351-62. (IF= 7.1)
  69. Dey S, Stalin S, Gupta A, Saha D, Kesh K & Swarnakar S.* (2012) Matrix metalloproteinase-3 gene polymorphisms and their haplotypes are associated with gastric cancer risk in eastern Indian population. Mol. Carcinog. 51: E42-53. doi: 10.1002/mc.21837. (IF=4.6)
  70. Mishra A, Bhattacharya P, Paul S, Paul R & Swarnakar S.* (2011) An alternative therapy for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis by doxycycline through matrix metalloproteinase inhibition. Lung India 28(3):174-179. 
  71. Singh LP, Mishra A, Saha D & Swarnakar S.* (2011) Doxycycline blocks gastric ulcer by regulating matrix metalloproteinase -2 activity and oxidative stress. World J Gastroenterol. 17(28): 3310-3321. (IF=3.1)
  72. Singh LP, Sharma AV & Swarnakar S.* (2011) Upregulation of Collagenase –1 and –3 in indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer in diabetic rat: role of melatonin. J. Pineal Res. 51: 61-74. (IF= 15.22)
  73. Mishra A, Paul S & Swarnakar S.* (2011) Downregulation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 by melatonin during prevention of alcohol-induced liver injury in mice. Biochime 93: 854-866.
  74. Kundu P, De R, Pal I, Saha D, Mukhopadhyay KA & Swarnakar S.* (2011) Curcumin alleviates Matrix metalloproteinase-3 and -9 activities during eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection in cultured cells and mice. Plos One 6: e16306. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0016306. (IF=2.77)
  75. Swarnakar S,* Paul S, Singh PK & Reiter RJ. (2011) Matrix metalloproteinases in health and disease: regulation by melatonin. J. Pineal Res. 50: 8-20. (IF=15.22)
  76. Swarnakar S* & Paul S. (2010) Arsenic toxicity in embryo implantation: matrix metalloproteinases as key regulator. Proc. Cell Cytol Gen. 14: 45-54. 
  77. Paul S, Bhattacharya P, Das Mahapatra P & Swarnakar S.* (2010) Melatonin protects against endometriosis via regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-3 and an apoptotic pathway.  J. Pineal Res. 49: 156-168. (IF=15.22)
  78. Ganguly K, Sharma AV, Reiter RJ & Swarnakar S.* (2010) Melatonin promotes angiogenesis during protection and healing of indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer: Role of matrix metaloproteinase-2. J. Pineal. Res. 49: 130-140. (IF=15.22)
  79. Ganguly K & Swarnakar S.* (2009) Induction of MMP-9 and-3 in nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug induced acute gastric ulcer in mice: Regulation by melatonin. J. Pineal Res. 47: 43-55. 
  80. Paul S & Swarnakar S.* (2009) Curcumin arrests endometriosis by downregulation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 activity. Ind. J Biochem and Biophy. 46: 59-65. 
  81. De R, Kundu P, Swarnakar S, Ramamurthy T, Chowdhury A, Nair GB & Mukhopadhyay AK. (2009) Antimicrobial activity of curcumin against Indian Helicobacter pylori and also during mice infection. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 53(4): 1592-1597. 
  82. Vidavalur R, Swarnakar S, Thirunavukkarasu M, Samuel SM & Maulik N. (2008) In vivo and in vitro approaches to study mechanisms of cardioprotection targeting Ischemia/Reperfusion (I/R) injury: useful technique for cardiovascular drug discovery. Curr. Drug Dis Tech. 5(4): 269-78.  
  83. Paul S, Sharma AV, DasMahapatra P, Bhattacharya P, Reiter RJ & Swarnakar S.* (2008) Role of melatonin in regulating matrix metalloproteinase-9 via tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 during protection against endometriosis. J. Pineal Res. 44: 439-49. (IF=15.22)
  84. Singh LP, Kundu P, Ganguly K, Mishra A & Swarnakar S.* (2007) A novel role of famotidine in downregulation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 during protection of ethanol-induced acute gastric ulcer. Free Rad. Biol. Med. 43: 289-299. (IF=6.73)
  85. Swarnakar S*, Mishra A, Ganguly K & Sharma AV. (2007) Matrix metalloproteinase-9 activity and expression is reduced by melatonin during prevention of ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in mice. J. Pineal Res. 43: 56-64. (IF=15.22)
  86. Kundu P, Mukhopadhyay KA, Patra J, Banerjee A, Berg DE & Swarnakar S.* (2006) Cag negative Helicobacter pylori strain infection upregulates matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression and activity in mice. J. Biol. Chem. 281: 34651-34662. (IF=4.2)
  87. Ganguly K, Kundu P, Banerjee A, Reiter RJ & Swarnakar S.* (2006) Hydrogen peroxide-mediated downregulation of matrix metalloprotease-2 in indomethacin-induced acute gastric ulceration is blocked by melatonin and other antioxidants. Free Rad. Biol. Med. 41: 911-925. 
  88. Ganguly K, Maity P, Reiter RJ & Swarnakar S*. (2005) Effect of melatonin on secreted and induced matrix metalloproteinase-9 and -2 activity during prevention of indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer. J. Pineal Res. 39: 307-315. (IF=15.22)
  89. Swarnakar S*, Ganguly K, Kundu P, Banerjee A, Maity P & Sharma AV. (2005) Curcumin regulates expression and activity of matrix metalloproteinases -9 and -2 during prevention and healing of indomethacin- induced gastric ulcer. J. Biol. Chem. 280: 9409-9415. (IF=4.25)
  90. Swarnakar S, Beers J, Strickland DK, Azhar S & Williams DL. (2001) The ApoE-dependent low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesteryl ester selective uptake pathway in murine adrenocortical cells involves chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans and an α2-macroglobulin receptor. J. Biol. Chem. 276: 21121-21128. (IF=4.1)
  91. Yancey PG, de la Llera-Moya M, Swarnakar S, Monzo P, Klein SM, Connelly MA, Johnson WH, Williams WL and Rothblat GH. (2000) High density lipoproten phospholipid composition is a major determinant of the bi-directional flux and net movement of cellular free cholesterol mediated by scavenger receptor-BI (SR-BI). J. Biol. Chem. 275: 36596-36604. (IF=4.1)
  92. Swarnakar S, Rengasamy A, Quigley JP & Armstrong PB. (2000) Binding of a2-macroglobulin and limulin: regulation of the plasma hemolytic system of the american horseshoe crab, Limulus polyphemus. Biochem. J. 347: 679-685. (IF=4.31)
  93. Swarnakar S, Temel RE, Connelly MA, Azhar S & Williams WL. (1999) Scavenger receptor, class B, Type I mediates selective uptake of low density lipoprotein cholesteryl ester. J. Biol. Chem. 274: 29733-29739. (IF=4.1)
  94. Williams DL, Connelly MA, Temel RE, Swarnakar S, Phillips MC, de la Llera-Moya M & Rothblat GH. (1999) Scavenger receptor BI and cholesterol   trafficking. Curr. Opin. Lipidol. 10: 329-339. 
  95. Swarnakar S, Reyland ME, Deng J, Azhar S & Williams DL. (1998) Selective uptake of low density lipoprotein-cholesteryl ester is enhanced by the inducible apolipoprotein E expression in cultured mouse adrenal cells. J. Biol. Chem. 273: 12140-12147. (IF=4.1)
  96. Armstrong PB, Melchior R, Swarnakar S & Quigley JP. (1998) α2- macroglobulin does not function as a C3 homologue in the plasma hemolytic system of the american horseshoe crab, Limulus. Mol. Immunol. 35: 47-53. 
  97. Dadacay AVM, Huerta JC, Theiner CJ, Swarnakar S & Cohen WD. (1996) Reversible alteration of molluscan erythrocyte morphology by a natural hemolymph activity. Biol. Bull. 191: 276-277.
  98. Swarnakar S, Quigley JP & Armstrong PB. (1996) Potentiation of limulin-mediated cytolysis by thiol ester-reacted forms of Limulus α2-macroglobulin: identification of functionally important domains. Biol. Bull. 191: 299-300.
  99. Swarnakar S, Quigley JP & Armstrong PB. (1996) The plasma-based cytolytic system of the american horseshoe crab, Limulus polyphemus: cooperative interaction of the sialic acid-binding lectin limulin and thiol ester-reacted α2- macroglobulin. Biol. Bull. 191: 298.       
  100. Armstrong PB, Swarnakar S, Srimal S, Misquith S, Elizabeth HA, Aimes RT & Quigley JP. (1996) A cytolytic function for a sialic-acid binding lectin that is a member of the pentraxin family of proteins. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 14717-14721. (IF=4.1)
  101. Rao CM, Jilani A, Swarnakar S, Deb TB & Datta K. (1996) A method to radio-iodinate hyaluronic acid and its use as a probe to detect hyaluronic acid binding protein. Anal. Biochem. 236: 171-173. 
  102. Swarnakar S, Melchior R, Quigley JP & Armstrong PB. (1995) Regulation of Plasma cytolytic pathway of Limulus polyphemus by α2- macroglobulin. Biol. Bull. 189: 226-227.
  103. Aimes RT, Quigley JP, Swarnakar S, Strickland DK and Armstrong, PB. (1995) Preliminary investigations on the scavenger receptors of the amebocyte of the American horseshoe crab, Limulus polyphemus. Biol. Bull. 189: 225-226. 
  104. Swarnakar S,* Chowdhury PS & Sarkar M. (1991) N-glycolylneuraminic acid specific lectin from Pila globosa snail. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.178: 85-94. 


 Book Chapters:

  1. Choudhary P, Mishra VK and Swarnakar S. Zymography and reverse zymography for testing proteases and their inhibitors. In Gagan Deep (Ed.), Cancer Biomarkers: Methods and Protocols. Springer (2021).
  2. Roy T, Mishra VK, Mallick S, Manna A and Swarnakar S. Functional regulation between matrix metalloproteases and cell junction proteins in gastric cancer in the book handbook of oxidative stress in cancer (2020).
  3. Deb N, Mallick S, Jaiswal A, Manna A, Mabalirajan U and   Swarnakar S. Chapter: Role of  matrix metalloproteinase and  oxidants  in  lung  diseases. Oxidative stress in lung diseases. Springer (2019).
  4. Swarnakar S et al. Tobacco addiction: effect on human health, E. book, USA, (Ed. Dr. N. Baker) (2018).
  5. Swarnakar S and Jana S. Matrix Metalloproteinases. Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules (2nd Edition) Springer (2017).
  6. Roy A, Ghosh S, Mazumder R, Paul S and Swarnakar S. Gastric pathology and metalloproteinases. Proteases in pathology and physiology. Springer (2016).
  7. Ray AK, Talapatra SN, Mahapatra PD & Swarnakar S. Women with Endometriosis are more likely to suffer from delay in the diagnosis and fertility: A Population-Based Study in Kolkata and rest of West Bengal.  In Book ??  series number ?? (2016)
  8. Verma S, Tripathy S, Raychaudhuri S and Swarnakar S. Insights into Metalloproteinases Regulation in Gastrointestinal Cancers: Epigenetic Influences. In Book Gastrointestinal Cancers: Prevention, Detection and Treatment (2015).
  9. Sarkar S, Chatterjee S and Swarnakar S. Chapter: Matrix Metalloproteinases in Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Brain: Antioxidants as Rescuer in the Book Proteases in Health and Disease.  Springer pub (2013).
  10. Roychoudhury S, Roy A, Chatterjee I, Roychowdhury R and Swarnakar, S. Chapter: Landscape of HPV in human cancers: prevention and therapeutic avenues in Book: Oncoviruses and Their Inhibitors. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA (2013).
  11. Jana S and Swarnakar S. Chapter: Curcumin and cardiovascular diseases in the Book Cardiovascular Diseases: Nutritional and Therapeutic Interventions.  SPi Global Publisher (2012).
  12. Chatterjee S, Roy A, Laskar A and Swarnakar S. Chapter: Electron Microscopy in the Perspective of  Modern Biology: Ultravision and Ultradimension in the Book Microscopy book series Number 5, Formatex Publication (2012).
  13. Banerjee A, Mukhopadhyay A, Paul S, Bhattacharyya A and Swarnakar, S.  Chapter: Unveiling the intricacies of Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric inflammation: T helper cells and matrix metallloproteinases at a crossroad in the Book Current topics in gastritis, InTech Publication (2012).
  14. Swarnakar S, Paul S and Ganguly K. Regulating functions of angiogenesis in prevention and therapy of gastric ulcer.  in the Book Angiognesis: insight from a systemic overview, Edited by, Gaetano Santulli. Nova Science Publisher (2012).
  15. Swarnakar S, Roychoudhury, S and Mishra A. Chapter: The gelatinases and their inhibitors: The structure –activity relationship in the Book “Advances in Studies on Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors” edited by Satya P. Gupta, Published by Springer-Verlag, (2011).
  16. Swarnakar, S. Chapter: Gastric ulceration in animals: A technique for studying biomarkers in Book Biotechnology Applications, Editor, Dr. Pascale Champagne & Prof. S. K. Mishra (2009).


Book Review:

Swarnakar S and Dhar, TK. Assay Development: Fundamentals and Practices by Ge Wu    Published by John Wiley & Sons Inc., Hoboken. (2011)